The ‘Health in All Policy’ approach to governance
In the United Kingdom, people are facing some wicked health challenges. Challenges such as mental health, diabetes, cancer, obesity, and, numerous interlinked health issues, which has no easy solutions. Moreover, this particular challenge has adversely affected certain sectors of the population, more than others. Many shreds of evidence also show that this is due to inequality of resources observed on many grounds & such conditions are largely determined by living conditions and wider political, environmental, social, cultural, and economic factors from these particular experiences policymakers of the United Kingdom have started to reshape their old policy into an approach which focuses on people’s economic Development, physical wellbeing, social conditions, and nurture the constructive build of the society.
Principles of Health in policies include:
- Governance: the approach of HiAP is to foster shared social responsibility and accountability.
- Comprehensive: HiAP takes a holistic approach and focuses on a broad range of issues in health.
- Collaboration: it builds collaboration and partnerships among different sectors to determine a win-win situation for supporting the policy area’s priorities.
- Equity: the policy aims to mitigate the inequalities for health benefits and distribute the accessibility to medical facilities to the poorest health population on priority.
- Participation: it includes the participation of the stakeholders and ensures that their views are also taken into consideration while developing the policies.
- Evidence-based: it is framed on basis of the best use of available data to study the links between the health and policy areas.
- Sustainability: it considers both present and future impacts on generations and seeks to contribute to meeting the development goals of the United Nations.
Health in all policies is a collaborative approach to improving the health of every citizen of the United Kingdom, by addressing the wider determinants of health. This policy would be providing services in the areas which were not so easy to cover and were not been addressed previously. The major benefit of Health in all policies would be:
- Building engagement of key players and stakeholders or shareholders.
- Health in all policies will help in improving the well-being and challenges faced by the local population or rural population. Furthermore, positive impacts would be seen in a majority chunk.
- Health in all policies will promote good quality jobs, economical stability, educational attainability, and many modes of local growth
- Health in all policies would provide opportunities to identify public health issues and challenges at a larger scale as well as on the local grounds too. The local authorities are also going to cover the ratio & equity aspects towards adequate & equal resource sharing and, resource sharing would be more ethical and unconventional than it was previously that will focus on retaining the outcome and reducing the duplication or redundancy.
The collaboration of key players & shareholders towards Health in all policies, to achieve new goals & provide local well-being, local growth and would be effective for the majority of the individuals in a society or a region. Health in all policies will make sure that improved health and effectiveness towards service are been observed and health in all policies approach is been programmed and executed by the public health of England, which seeks to harness the potential of local Authority policies and services at a wider region. The local government Association has also developed chains and campaigns to understand how this policy would be beneficial at a local level and how it will provide health equity to every individual in the society. Through this awareness campaign, their main motive is to build learning schemas and collect feedback for improvement.