Metabolic syndrome is also known as Insulin resistance syndrome, Dysmetabolic syndrome, and Syndrome X. Metabolic syndrome increases the chances of developing heart diseases, strokes, and diabetes too because it is the collection of heart disease risk factors. According to a national health survey, more than one out of five, Americans has metabolic syndrome, and similarly, more than one out of five Britisher sufferers or has metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome increases with age and usually affects the age group relying on between the 60s and 70s.
The metabolic syndrome usually attracts an individual with central obesity that is the person who has increased fat in the abdomen or waist part. People with a strong family, a history of diabetes, or is been suffering from diabetes have a high chance to suffer from metabolic syndrome. People with any other clinical features towards insulin resistance including skin changes or darkening of the skin on the bark or the underarm or dull neck area or skin tags which usually happens on the neck. Certain ethnic backgrounds are also at a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome. The major cause of the metabolic syndrome is yet to be known but new features are associated with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance means that the body does not use insulin efficiently to lower glucose levels. A combination of genetic and lifestyle factors may result in insulin resistance. Lifestyle factors include dietary habits, sleeping patterns, day-to-day activities, etc. There are no immediate physical symptoms of metabolic syndrome but medical problems associated with metabolic syndrome, develop over time. If an individual is unsure of having metabolic syndrome, then they should consult a nearest health care provider, he or she will be able to make a diagnosis by obtaining the necessary tests which include blood glucose level, check blood pressure, and check lipid profile.
Diagnosis of Metabolic syndrome:
Metabolic syndrome can be diagnosed once you are affected by the below adversity:
Blood pressure higher than 130 / 85 mm/hg or higher
Need some medication if triglyceride level is above 150 mg/dl.
A fasting blood glucose level greater than 100 mg/dl (in such circumstances taking glucose-lowering medications is required.)
To test for metabolic syndrome, a high-density lipoprotein level needs to be less than 40 mg/dl for men and 50 mg/dl for women. (if more than that then need to have a test or diagnosis)
Ways to prevent or reverse metabolic syndromes:
There are ways to prevent or reverse metabolic syndromes, few ways are mentioned below:
Since physical inactivity and excess weight are the main underlying contributors to metabolic syndrome therefore exercising, eating healthy, and preventing yourself from overweight or obese can help toward preventing or reducing complications of metabolic syndrome.
Eating healthy is also one of the ways to lessen the percentage of chance of having metabolic syndrome. Change in the dietary plan, that is keeping carbohydrates not more than 50 percent in your total calories and allowing high dietary fibers and eating less red meat or eggs & increasing the consumption of fish (without skin) can help prevent or reduce metabolic syndrome.